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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Percentage of men aged 15-24 years who both correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and who reject major misconceptions about HIV transmission
Full Unit:%
Year-range of Data:2001 - 2014
Source:Millennium Development Goals Indicators
Link :http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/data.aspx
Date Source Published:6th July 2015
Date Source Accessed:11th May 2016

The following countries had no data:
Algeria, Gambia, Libya, Mauritius, Morocco, SADR, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Tunisia

Alternative Data Sources

HIV Knowledge (Men aged 15-24 yrs)

What does it mean ?

This is the percentage of men aged 15-24 who have a comprehensive and correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Comprehensive and correct knowledge is defined as being able to correctly identify the two main ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using a condom, and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), and rejecting the most common misconceptions about HIV transmission including ‘a healthy looking person cannot have HIV’.

Why does it matter ?

This indicator shows the success of national education and communication programs around HIV/AIDS, and shows how efforts in promoting correct knowledge of prevention strategies and reducing misconceptions about the disease are progressing in a country. Those who have a comprehensive and correct knowledge of HIV transmission are less likely to become infected or pass on an infection to a partner.

How is it collected ?

A national survey was undertaken in each country from a representative sample of households during which men aged 15-24 are asked about their knowledge of HIV/AIDS using a list of five questions on preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and common misconceptions about HIV transmission. If the man answers all questions correctly, he is considered to have a comprehensive and correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS.

Find out more about the Summary Definition and the Methodology for Collection and Calculation

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Summary Definition, Methodology for Collection and Calculation

Alternative Data Sources

The data for each indicator on African Health Stats (AHS) are published by the UN agency, or UN inter-agency group, which holds responsibility for global monitoring of the indicator. This varies by indicator. Please refer to ‘Data Source’. AHS uses data from these sources because such data are internationally comparable and it is the mandate of those agencies to prepare such data and monitor progress internationally. In some cases the UN agency has made adjustments to the data in order to make national data internationally comparable, for example they may adjust national estimates to account for differences in survey design, the extent of potential underreporting, and the definition of what is being measured (eg. maternal deaths). This means that at times there may be discrepancies between national and international estimates. Individual countries may prefer to instead rely on national figures for national monitoring. For uniformity, AHS uses only international estimates of the UN agencies in data visualisations.

In 2014, the following countries communicated that they use alternative figures to monitor the indicator HIV Knowledge (Men aged 15-24 yrs) instead of the figures that appear in AHS data visualisations. The most recent alternative figure supplied by these countries, by source are: Zimbabwe 2013 56.4 (no source).

Collection Summary

A national survey was undertaken in each country from a representative sample of households during which men aged 15-24 are asked about their knowledge of HIV/AIDS using a list of the following five questions.

1. Can the risk of HIV transmission be reduced by having sex with only one uninfected partner who has no other partners?

2. Can a person reduce the risk of getting HIV by using a condom every time he or she has sex?

3. Can a healthy-looking person have HIV?

4. Can a person get HIV from mosquito bites?

5. Can a person get HIV by sharing food with someone who is infected?

These five questions will test if they can correctly identify the two main ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using a condom and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), and rejecting the most common misconceptions about HIV transmission. If the man answers all questions correctly, he is considered to have a comprehensive and correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS.

This indicator is calculated by dividing the number of men aged 15-24 who gave the correct answers to all five questions by the total number of men aged 15-24 who responded to the survey.

For further information, visit: http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx

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