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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14
Full Unit:ratio to non-orphans
Year-range of Data:2000 - 2014
Source:Millenium Development Goal Indicators
Link :http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Data.aspx
Date Source Published:6th July 2015
Date Source Accessed:11th May 2016

The following countries had no data:
Algeria, Cape Verde, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Mauritius, Morocco, SADR, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, Tunisia

Alternative Data Sources

School Attendance of Orphans

What does it mean ?

This indicator assesses progress in school attendance among orphans compared to their non-orphaned peers. It is the ratio of school attendance of children aged 10-14 who have lost both their biological parents (orphans) to the school attendance of children aged 10-14 whose biological parents are still alive (non-orphans) and who currently live with at least one biological parent.

Why does it matter ?

HIV/AIDS is a serious public health issue that claims the lives of many adults with children. As a result, the number of orphans is growing. These children are highly vulnerable, facing poverty and stigmatisation. These factors place more strain on these children and increase the likelihood that they will not complete education and adopt survival strategies that could increase their vulnerability to HIV. Consequently, this indicator is important for monitoring the progress of AIDS support programmes in ensuring that orphaned children secure educational opportunities.

How is it collected ?

A national survey was undertaken in each country from a representative sample of households during which a household member was interviewed about the biological parents and school attendance for every child aged 10-14 living in the same household.

Find out more about the Summary Definition and the Methodology for Collection and Calculation

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Summary Definition, Methodology for Collection and Calculation

Alternative Data Sources

The data for each indicator on African Health Stats (AHS) are published by the UN agency, or UN inter-agency group, which holds responsibility for global monitoring of the indicator. This varies by indicator. Please refer to ‘Data Source’. AHS uses data from these sources because such data are internationally comparable and it is the mandate of those agencies to prepare such data and monitor progress internationally. In some cases the UN agency has made adjustments to the data in order to make national data internationally comparable, for example they may adjust national estimates to account for differences in survey design, the extent of potential underreporting, and the definition of what is being measured (eg. maternal deaths). This means that at times there may be discrepancies between national and international estimates. Individual countries may prefer to instead rely on national figures for national monitoring. For uniformity, AHS uses only international estimates of the UN agencies in data visualisations.

In 2014, the following countries communicated that they use alternative figures to monitor the indicator School Attendance of Orphans (Ratio) instead of the figures that appear in AHS data visualisations. The most recent alternative figure supplied by these countries in 2014, by source are: NA.

Collection Summary

A national survey was undertaken in each country from a representative sample of households during which a household member was interviewed about the biological parents and school attendance for every child aged 10-14 living in the same household. The following questions were asked to the household member for every child aged 10-14 living in the same household:

1. Is this child’s natural mother still alive? If yes, does she live in the household?

2. Is this child’s natural father still alive? If yes, does he live in the household?

3. Did this child attend school at any time during the school year?

This information is then used to calculate school attendance rates for orphans and non-orphans. This involves dividing the number of orphans or non-orphans aged 10-14 who attend school by the total number of orphans or non-orphans. These school attendance rates for orphans and non-orphans are then used to calculate the indicator by dividing the school attendance rate of orphans aged 10-14 by the school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14.

For more information, visit: http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx

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