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Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health
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Pregnant Women Tested for HIV and Know Status
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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Percentage of women and men aged 15–49 who received an HIV test in the last 12 months and who know their results
Full Unit:%
Year-range of Data:2014
Source:UNAIDS AIDSinfo
Link :http://aidsinfo.unaids.org/
Date Source Published:4th December 2015
Date Source Accessed:2nd May 2016

The following countries had no data:
Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Rep, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea , Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, SADR, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda

Alternative Data Sources

Adults Tested for HIV and Know Status

What does it mean ?

This is the percentage of people in a population aged 15-49 (of reproductive age) who have received an HIV test in the last 12 months and know their results. This indicator refers to both men and women.

Why does it matter ?

HIV/AIDS is a serious public health issue. HIV testing and counseling is the first step in reducing the global health burden of HIV/AIDS. When people are regularly tested for HIV treatment services can be rapidly provided to those infected. This slows and prevents transmission of the virus, and improves quality of life for those infected. Regular and publicised testing also reduces stigma associated with HIV/AIDS.

How is it collected ?

A national survey was undertaken in each country from a representative sample of households during which men and women aged 15-49 years are asked about whether or not they received an HIV test and their result. The data collected is then used to calculate the indicator by dividing the number of respondents who have been tested for HIV during the last 12 months and who know the results by the number of women and men (15-49 years) who responded to the survey.

Find out more about the Summary Definition and the Methodology for Collection and Calculation

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Summary Definition, Methodology for Collection and Calculation

Alternative Data Sources

The data for each indicator on African Health Stats (AHS) are published by the UN agency, or UN inter-agency group, which holds responsibility for global monitoring of the indicator. This varies by indicator. Please refer to ‘Data Source’. AHS uses data from these sources because such data are internationally comparable and it is the mandate of those agencies to prepare such data and monitor progress internationally. In some cases the UN agency has made adjustments to the data in order to make national data internationally comparable, for example they may adjust national estimates to account for differences in survey design, the extent of potential underreporting, and the definition of what is being measured (eg. maternal deaths). This means that at times there may be discrepancies between national and international estimates. Individual countries may prefer to instead rely on national figures for national monitoring. For uniformity, AHS uses only international estimates of the UN agencies in data visualisations.

In 2014, the following countries communicated that they use alternative figures to monitor the indicator Adults Tested for HIV and Know the Status instead of the figures that appear in AHS data visualisations. The most recent alternative figure supplied by these countries in 2014, by source are: Zimbabwe 2013 45 (no source).

Collection Summary

A national survey was undertaken in each country from a representative sample of households during which men and women aged 15-49 are asked about whether or not they received an HIV test and their result. The following questions are asked to respondents:

1. I don’t want to know the results, but have you been tested for HIV in the last 12 months ? If yes:

2. I don’t want to know the results, but did you get the results of that test ?

The data collected is then used to calculate the indicator by dividing the number of respondents who have been tested for HIV during the last 12 months and who know the results by the number of women and men (15-49 years) who responded to the survey.

For further information, download the Global AIDS Response Progress Reporting 2015: http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/JC2702_GARPR2015guidelines_en.pdf

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