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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
Births attended by skilled health personnel
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Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
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Health Financing
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Density of health workers - physicians
Density of health workers - nurses and midwives
Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff
Qualified obstetricians
Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Density of physicians per 10,000 population
Full Unit: per 10,000 population
Year-range of Data:2004 - 2017
Source:WHO Global Health Workforce Statistics
Link to Source:http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.HWFGRP_0020?lang=en
Date Source Published:14th March 2019
Date Source Accessed:25th April 2019

The following countries had no data:
Eswatini, SADR, South Sudan

Alternative Data Sources
   

Density of health workers - physicians

What does it mean ?

This is the number of health workers per 10,000 population in a given national area. The density of physicians is defined as the number of physicians including generalists and specialist medical practitioners per 10,000 population in the given national area.

Why does it matter ?

This indicator measures the number of health workers relative to the population of the given area. It can be used for advocacy purposes. Measuring and monitoring the density of healthcare workers is crucial for understanding the available resources in a health system. The density of health workers is an indicator for monitoring Sustainable Development Goal 3 Health and Wellbeing; Target 3.c: Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States.

How is it collected ?

The compilation of data is from the following sources: Routine administrative information systems, which includes reports on public expenditure, staffing, payroll, professional training, registration and licensure; population censuses; labour force and employment surveys; and health facility assessments.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

Since the adoption of the Global Strategy on Human Resources for Health: Workforce 2030, states are called on to report a core set of data on human resources for health on a yearly basis to the Global Health Observatory. An online National Health Workforce Accounts (NHWA) data platform waslaucnhed inNovember 2017 to facilitate national reporting. UN Member States are called to use the NHWA data platform to report health workforce data. Aadditional sources complement the national reporting through the NHWA data platform,such as the National Census, Labour Force Surveys and key administrative national and regional sources are also used. Most of the data from administrative sources are derived from published national health sector reviews and/or official country reports to WHO offices. Countries with missing data for

the year 2016 (baseline value for reporting of the WHO 13th Global Programme of Work) were estimated from a linear model of density time trend based on at least five data points including one reported density in the period 2011-2013.

You can read more about the NHWA here: https://www.who.int/hrh/documents/brief_nhwa_handbook/en/

The health worker occupations are classified according to the latest version of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO - 08). The ISCO-08 codes included in this category are 221 -Medical Doctors, 2211 - General Medical Practitioners and 2212 - Specialist Medical Practitioners.

Click on this link to see more about the definition of this indicator: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/metadata/files/Metadata-03-0C-01.pdf

Click on this link to access to the ISCO: https://www.who.int/hrh/documents/brief_nhwa_handbook/en/

More information on calculations

The data presented in the Global Health Workforce Statistics database are processed data extracts of the national reporting in the NHWA data platform. Complementing the national reporting, additional sources such as the National Census, Labour Force Surveys and key administrative national and regional sources are also employed. Due to the several data sources, considerable variability remains across countries in the coverage, periodicity, quality and completeness of the original data.

Density is computed with a population size as denominator. For the purposes of international comparisons, standard population estimates have used as the denominator instead of national estimates, such as those from the World Population Prospects estimated by the United Nations Population Division.

To better inform the health work force statistics, nation states are strongly requested to use occupation definitions following the most recent international classification when submitting data for the National Health Workforce Accounts (NHWA), that is the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08) (International Labour Organization 2012).

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