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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Percentage of children under 5 years old who slept under an insecticide-treated mosquito net the previous night
Full Unit:%
Year-range of Data:2006 - 2015
Source:Millennium Development Goals Indicators
Link :http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/data.aspx
Date Source Published:6th July 2015
Date Source Accessed:9th May 2016

The following countries had no data:
Algeria, Botswana, Cape Verde, Egypt, Lesotho, Libya, Mauritius, SADR, Seychelles, South Africa, Tunisia

Alternative Data Sources

Under 5s who Slept Under ITN

What does it mean ?

This indicator is the percentage of children under the age of five who slept under an insecticide-treated mosquito net (ITN) the previous night.

Why does it matter ?

Malaria-related deaths in areas with high levels of malaria transmission are concentrated in young children. The use of treated mosquito nets by children under the age of five drastically reduces the incidence of malaria and the number malaria-related deaths. The WHO identifies the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets as one of the main interventions in reducing the burden of malaria in a country.

How is it collected ?

A national survey was undertaken in each country from a representative sample of households during which respondents were asked about whether or not children under five who had slept the previous night in the household had done so under an insecticide-treated mosquito net (ITN). Using this data, the indicator is calculated by dividing the number of children under five who slept under an ITN the previous night by the total number of children under five who spent the previous night in the household surveyed.

Find out more about the Summary Definition and the Methodology for Collection and Calculation

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Summary Definition, Methodology for Collection and Calculation

Alternative Data Sources

The data for each indicator on African Health Stats (AHS) are published by the UN agency, or UN inter-agency group, which holds responsibility for global monitoring of the indicator. This varies by indicator. Please refer to ‘Data Source’. AHS uses data from these sources because such data are internationally comparable and it is the mandate of those agencies to prepare such data and monitor progress internationally. In some cases the UN agency has made adjustments to the data in order to make national data internationally comparable, for example they may adjust national estimates to account for differences in survey design, the extent of potential underreporting, and the definition of what is being measured (eg. maternal deaths). This means that at times there may be discrepancies between national and international estimates. Individual countries may prefer to instead rely on national figures for national monitoring. For uniformity, AHS uses only international estimates of the UN agencies in data visualisations.

In 2014, the following countries communicated that they use alternative figures to monitor the indicator Under 5s Who Slept Under ITN instead of the figures that appear in AHS data visualisations. The most recent alternative figure supplied by these countries in 2014, by source are: Zimbabwe 2012 49.6 (no source).

Collection Summary

A national survey was undertaken in each country from a representative sample of households during which respondents were asked about whether or not children under five who had slept the previous night in the household had done so under an insecticide-treated mosquito net (ITN). Using this data, the indicator is calculated by dividing the number of children under five who slept under an ITN the previous night by the total number of children under five who spent the previous night in the household surveyed.

For further information, visit: http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx?IndicatorId=0&SeriesId=645

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