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Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health
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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Death rate associated with Malaria
Full Unit:per 100,000 population
Year-range of Data:2012
Source:Millennium Development Goals Indicators
Link :http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Data.aspx
Date Source Published:7th July 2014
Date Source Accessed:23rd October 2014

The following countries had no data:
Egypt, Lesotho, Libya, Mauritius, Morocco, SADR, Seychelles, Tunisia

Alternative Data Sources

Malaria Deaths

What does it mean ?

This is the number of deaths caused by malaria per 100,000 people every year.

Why does it matter ?

Knowing the malaria-associated death rate helps to judge the success of programs implemented to reduce malaria deaths. It also highlights successes and failures of malaria prevention. Short version: Where malaria comprises <5% of all deaths in children under-five, the number of estimated annual cases of the most dangerous strain of malaria (plasmodium falciparum) is multiplied by a fixed case-fatality rate. Where malaria accounts for >5% of deaths of children under-five, the number of deaths is estimated based on the number of people living in areas with high, low or no risk of contracting malaria.

How is it collected ?

The number of malaria deaths is compiled through one of two methods. For African countries where malaria comprises less than 5 per cent of all deaths in children under 5, the number of estimated annual cases of the most dangerous strain of malaria (plasmodium falciparum) is multiplied by a fixed case-fatality rate. A case-fatality rate is an estimate of how likely it is for an infection to lead to death. For African countries where malaria accounts for more than 5 per cent of deaths of children under 5, the number of deaths is estimated based on the number of people living in areas with high, low or no risk of contracting malaria. Death rates are estimated based on studies that follow populations at risk of malaria over time and the full methodology is described in the Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update.

Find out more about the Summary Definition and the Methodology for Collection and Calculation

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Summary Definition, Methodology for Collection and Calculation

Alternative Data Sources

The data for each indicator on African Health Stats (AHS) are published by the UN agency, or UN inter-agency group, which holds responsibility for global monitoring of the indicator. This varies by indicator. Please refer to ‘Data Source’. AHS uses data from these sources because such data are internationally comparable and it is the mandate of those agencies to prepare such data and monitor progress internationally. In some cases the UN agency has made adjustments to the data in order to make national data internationally comparable, for example they may adjust national estimates to account for differences in survey design, the extent of potential underreporting, and the definition of what is being measured (eg. maternal deaths). This means that at times there may be discrepancies between national and international estimates. Individual countries may prefer to instead rely on national figures for national monitoring. For uniformity, AHS uses only international estimates of the UN agencies in data visualisations.

The following countries have communicated that they use alternative figures to monitor the indicator Malaria Deaths instead of the figures that appear in AHS data visualisations. The most recent alternative figure supplied by these countries, by source are: Zimbabwe 2012 2 (no source).

Collection Summary

The number of malaria deaths is compiled through one of two methods. For African countries where malaria comprises less than 5 per cent of all deaths in children under 5, the number of estimated annual cases of the most dangerous strain of malaria (plasmodium falciparum) is multiplied by a fixed case-fatality rate. A case-fatality rate is an estimate of how likely it is for an infection to lead to death. For African countries where malaria accounts for more than 5 per cent of deaths of children under 5, the number of deaths is estimated based on the number of people living in areas with high, low or no risk of contracting malaria.

Death rates are estimated based on studies that follow populations at risk of malaria over time and the full methodology is described in the Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update.

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