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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Age-standardised prevalence of current tobacco use among females 15 years and older
Full Unit: Percentage (%)
Year-range of Data:2015 - 2016
Source:WHO Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030) data portal
Link to Source:http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.gswcah
Date Source Published:23rd March 2018
Date Source Accessed:25th April 2019

The following countries had no data:
Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Libya, Madagascar, SADR, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan

Alternative Data Sources
   

Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over

What does it mean ?

Age-standardised prevalence of current tobacco use among females 15 years and older is defined as the percentage of the female population aged 15 years and over who currently use any tobacco product whether smoked or smokeless on a daily / non-daily basis or occasional smoking. "Tobacco smoking" includes cigarettes, cigars, pipes or any other smoked tobacco products.

Why does it matter ?

Tobacco use is a major contributor to illness and death caused by non-communicable diseases (NCDs). There is no proven safe level of tobacco use or of second-hand smoke exposure. All daily and non-daily tobacco users are at risk of a variety of poor health outcomes, including NCDs. Reducing the prevalence of current tobacco use will contribute largely to reducing premature death from NCDs. It is necessary to routinely and regularly monitor this indicator to accurately monitor and evaluate the impact of implementing the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), or tobacco control policies in countries that are not yet part of the WHO FCTC, over time. This is an indicator for monitoring Sustainable Development Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, Target 3.a: Strengthen the implementation of the WHO FCTC in all countries, as appropriate. It is also an indicator for monitoring the Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030).

How is it collected ?

The preferred sources of data are specific population surveys and surveillance systems reporting at least one indicator measuring current tobacco use, daily tobacco use, current tobacco smoking, daily tobacco smoking, current cigarette smoking or daily cigarette smoking. Data collected through population-based surveys that are nationally representative are used to calculate comparable estimates for this indicator.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

Having prevalence estimates that are “age-standardised” make them comparable across all countries no matter the demographic profile of the country. This is done by applying each country’s age-and-sex specific prevalence rates to the WHO Standard Population. The calculated rates should be interpreted with caution especially in countries where there are large gaps in the survey in the same country and where the estimates 'borrow' inforamtion from neighbouring countries.

For more information, visit: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/metadata/files/Metadata-03-0a-01.pdf

More information on calculations

A statistical model is used to model prevalence of current tobacco smoking for each country, separately for men and women. Using age-and-sex-specific prevalence rates from national surveys, the model was fitted to calculate trend estimates from the year 2000 to 2030. The model has two main components: (a) adjusting for missing indicators and age groups, and (b) generating an estimate of trends over time. Depending on the completeness and comprehensiveness of survey data from a particular country, the model usees of data from other countries to fill information gaps from countries in the same UN subregion. The resulting trend lines are used to derive estimates for single years, so that a number can be reported even if the country did not run a survey in that year. In order to make the results comparable between countries, the prevalence rates are age-standardized to the WHO Standard Population. Estimates for countries with irregular surveys or many data gaps will have large uncertainty ranges, and such results should be interpreted with caution.

See this page for more inforamtion including on where to find the detailed methods: http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.gswcah

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