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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
Births attended by skilled health personnel
Postpartum care coverage for mothers
Postnatal care coverage for newborns
Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
Communicable Diseases
New HIV infections
Antiretroviral treatment coverage
Antiretroviral medicine coverage in HIV positive pregnant women
Condom use
New TB infections
New malaria infections
Non-Communicable Diseases
Mortality from non-communicable diseases
Suicide mortality rate
Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over
Current tobacco use among males aged 15 and over
Harmful alcohol use aged 15 and over
Health Financing
Health systems and policies
Density of health workers - physicians
Density of health workers - nurses and midwives
Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff
Qualified obstetricians
Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Harmful use of alcohol, defined according to the national context as alcohol per capita consumption (aged 15 years and older) within a calendar year in litres of pure alcohol
Full Unit: litres of pure alcohol
Year-range of Data:2011 - 2016
Source:WHO Global Health Observatory data repository
Link to Source:http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A1032?lang=en?showonly=GISAH
Date Source Published:11th May 2018
Date Source Accessed:25th April 2019

The following countries had no data:
SADR, South Sudan

Alternative Data Sources
   

Harmful alcohol use aged 15 and over

What does it mean ?

Total alcohol per capita consumption (APC) is defined as the total (sum of the recorded APC three-year average and the unrecorded APC) amount of alcohol consumed per adult (15 years and older) over a calendar year, in litres of pure alcohol.

Why does it matter ?

Alcohol consumption can impact the incidence of diseases, injuries and other health conditions, as well as the course of disorders and their outcomes in individuals. Alcohol consumption has been identified as a contributing cause for more than 200 diseases, injuries and other health conditions. Per capita alcohol consumption is widely accepted as the best possible indicator of alcohol exposure in populations and as a key indicator to estimate disease burden and deaths attributed to alcohol. This is an indicator for monitoring Sustainable Development Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages Target 3.5: Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol.

How is it collected ?

For recorded alcohol per capita (15 years and over) consumption of pure alcohol, the preferred data sources (in order of preference) are: administrative reporting systems eg. Government national statistics; country-specific alcohol industry statistics in the public domain based on interviews or fieldwork or data from the International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV); Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations' statistical database (FAOSTAT), or alcohol industry statistics in the public domain based on desk review. For unrecorded APC, the preferred data sources (in order of preference) are: Nationally representative empirical data often general population surveys in countries where alcohol is legal; specific other empirical investigations; expert opinion supported by periodic survey of experts at country level using modified Delphi technique.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

“Recorded alcohol consumption” refers to official statistics at country level (production, import, export, and sales or taxation data). “Unrecorded alcohol consumption” refers to alcohol which is not taxed and is outside the usual system of government control, such as home- or informally-produced alcohol (legal or illegal), smuggled alcohol, surrogate alcohol (alcohol not intended for human consumption), or alcohol obtained through cross-border shopping (recorded in a different jurisdiction).

The total APC comprises both the recorded and the unrecorded APC, which together provide a more accurate estimate of the level of alcohol consumption in a country, and as a result, portray trends of alcohol consumption in a more precise way.

The correct interpretation of the indicator requires the use of additional population-based indicators such as prevalence of drinking which stimulates development of national monitoring systems on alcohol and health involving contributions from a wide range of stakeholders, including alcohol production and trade sectors.

More information on calculations

Recorded alcohol per capita (15 years and older) consumption of pure alcohol is calculated as the sum of beverage-specific alcohol consumption of pure alcohol (beer, wine, spirits, other) from different sources. To make the conversion into litres of pure alcohol for recorded APC, in the alcohol content (% alcohol by volume) is considered to be as follows: Beer (barley beer 5%), wine (grape wine 12%; must of grape 9%, vermouth 16%), spirits (distilled spirits 40%; spirit-like 30%), and other (sorghum, millet, maize beers 5%; cider 5%; fortified wine 17% and 18%; fermented wheat and fermented rice 9%; other fermented beverages 9%). Survey questions on consumption of unrecorded alcohol are converted into estimates per year of unrecorded APC. In some countries, unrecorded APC estimation is based on alcohol confiscated by customs or police.

In circumstances where the annual number of tourists is more than the number of inhabitants, the tourist consumption is also taken into account and is deducted from the country's recorded APC. The data on the number of tourists is from UN Tourist Statistics.

For more information, visit: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/metadata/files/Metadata-03-05-02.pdf

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