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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
Births attended by skilled health personnel
Postpartum care coverage for mothers
Postnatal care coverage for newborns
Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
Demand satisfied for modern contraception
Communicable Diseases
New HIV infections
Antiretroviral treatment coverage
Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Condom use
New TB infections
New malaria infections
Non-Communicable Diseases
Mortality from non-communicable diseases
Suicide mortality rate
Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over
Current tobacco use among males aged 15 and over
Harmful alcohol use aged 15 and over
Health Financing
External health expenditure as % current health expenditure
Government health expenditure as % current health expenditure
Government health expenditure as % GDP
Government health expenditure as % general govt expenditure
Government health expenditure per capita
Out-of-pocket health expenditure as % of current health expenditure
Percentage of national health budget allocated for reproductive health
Health systems and policies
Density of health workers - physicians
Density of health workers - nurses and midwives
Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff
Qualified obstetricians
Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Neonatal mortality rate
Full Unit: per 1,000 live births
Year-range of Data:2017
Source:UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation
Link to Source:https://data.unicef.org/topic/child-survival/neonatal-mortality/
Date Source Published:October 2018
Date Source Accessed:21st January 2019
Target Source: WHO & UNICEF
Link to Target: http://www.everynewborn.org/

The following countries had no data:
Morocco, SADR

Alternative Data Sources
The target is taken from the target source as shown in the table on the left. This is the internationally agreed target for this indicator and country. Most targets are the same for all countries, but some may have different values for each country. Some indicators have no internationally agreed targets.

The threshold is taken from the same source where available. The threshold is an easier value than the target but shows good progress in achieving the target. For more details, go to ‘Find out more about indicator and sources’ via the Indicators page.

Neonatal mortality rate

What does it mean ?

Neonatal mortality rate refers to the number of deaths of neonates (newborn babies) that occur between birth and the first completed 28 days of life. It is measured as the number of deaths in the first 28 days of life per every 1,000 live births in a given year or period. A live birth refers to any baby that is born that shows signs of life at birth.

Why does it matter ?

The neonatal mortality rate provides us with a general measure of the health environment during the earliest stages of life. It is a useful indicator of the quality of care at birth in a country. Specifically, it is a key indicator for child health and wellbeing, and more broadly for social and economic development. It is closely monitored for public health purposes because it reflects the access that children and communities have to basic health interventions. Reducing neonatal mortality globally forms part of Sustainable Development Goal 3 Health and Wellbeing, Target 3.2, to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births. This indicator is also part of the Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030), under ‘Survive: End preventable deaths’.

How is it collected ?

If a country has a full birth and death registration system, then calculating neonatal mortality rates is simple as all births and deaths are recorded. Where registration systems are incomplete, information on the births and deaths of babies are obtained from household surveys where women are asked about every baby they have given birth to and how long the child survived or population censuses.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

The data for each indicator on this platform are published by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME), which holds responsibility for global monitoring of the indicator. This varies by indicator. Please refer to ‘Data Source’, at this link: http://www.childmortality.org/

On this platform, we show projections for each country for this indicator when you review the indicator from the ‘countries’ option. The projection line is calculated based on a linear regression using the latest 5 data points. The colour of the line is defined by the target and threshold values. If the projected value meets or exceeds the target then the line is coloured green, if the projected value lies between the target and the threshold value then it is yellow, otherwise it is coloured red. For this indicator, the thresholds are set as follows:

Off track (red) if projected value does not reach 34 per 1,000 livebirths or is higher by 2030;

Making progress (yellow) if projected value reaches 13 – 33 per 1,000 livebirths by 2030:

On track (green) if projected value reaches the target, 12 per 1,000 livebirths.

More information on calculations

In most African countries, registration is improving but is often incomplete. In these cases, other sources are used such as national surveys from a representative sample of households (e.g. the UNICEF -supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and the US Agency for International Development–supported Demographic and Health Surveys) or population censuses. To calculate the mortality estimate, the data from these sources are fitted to a regression line using a particular model generated by the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation.

Census surveys usually collect information about birth summaries which cannot be used to produce neonatal mortality rate estimates.

For more information, see:

“Notes on the Data”: https://data.unicef.org/topic/child-survival/neonatal-mortality/

“Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2017” http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/levels_trends_child_mortality_2017/en/

"Child Mortality Estimates: New Updates" http://www.childmortality.org/

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