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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
Births attended by skilled health personnel
Postpartum care coverage for mothers
Postnatal care coverage for newborns
Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
Demand satisfied for modern contraception
Communicable Diseases
New HIV infections
Antiretroviral treatment coverage
Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Condom use
New TB infections
New malaria infections
Non-Communicable Diseases
Mortality from non-communicable diseases
Suicide mortality rate
Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over
Current tobacco use among males aged 15 and over
Harmful alcohol use aged 15 and over
Health Financing
External health expenditure as % current health expenditure
Government health expenditure as % current health expenditure
Government health expenditure as % GDP
Government health expenditure as % general govt expenditure
Government health expenditure per capita
Out-of-pocket health expenditure as % of current health expenditure
Percentage of national health budget allocated for reproductive health
Health systems and policies
Density of health workers - physicians
Density of health workers - nurses and midwives
Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff
Qualified obstetricians
Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Prevalence of overweight (weight for height greater than two standard deviations from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) for children under five years of age.
Full Unit: Percentage, %
Year-range of Data:1995 - 2018
Source:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database
Link to Source:https://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/malnutrition/
Date Source Published:1st April 2019
Date Source Accessed:15th May 2019

The following countries had no data:
Cape Verde, SADR

Alternative Data Sources
   

Overweight - heavy for height under 5

What does it mean ?

This is the prevalence of overweight (weight for height greater than two standard deviations from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) for children under five years of age. Child overweight refers to a child who is too heavy for their height that results from energy intakes from food and beverages that exceed children’s energy requirements.

Why does it matter ?

This indicator is part of a set of indicators to measure nutritional imbalance and malnutrition leading to undernutrition (determined by underweight, stunting and wasting) or overweight. This form of malnutrition increases the risk of non-communicable diseases at a later stage in life. The WHO global nutrition targets 2025 include target 4, no increase in childhood overweight.

How is it collected ?

For the majority of countries, the data sources are household surveys that are nationally representative. A limited number of countries use data from surveillance systems if the population coverage that is documented is sufficient (around 80%). For both data sources, the child’s height and weight measurements must be collected following standard measuring techniques recommended by the WHO. Together, UNICEF, WHO and the World Bank group review new data sources to update country-level estimates. Each agency uses their existing mechanisms for capturing data.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

This is one of the World Health Assembly nutrition target indicators.The WHO global nutrition targets 2025 and diet-related global NCD targets for 2025, endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 2012 and 2013, respectively, provide concrete goals against which progress toward ending malnutrition in all its forms can be measured. Efforts to reach the global targets also contribute toward achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For example, monitoring Sustainable Development Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture; Target 2.2: by 2030 end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving by 2025 the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under five years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, and older persons. This indicator is also part of the Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030).

The reference population is based on the WHO Child Growth Standards, 2006. To conduct trend analyses of child nutritional status, it is important to ensure that estimates from various data sources are comparable over time. Age adjustment calculations have been applied to make trend analysis possible because estimatesfro various data sources differ and include some non-standard age groups. For more information on the calulations and the indicator, visit the UNICEF website: https://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/malnutrition/

In the UNICEF data base, two data points provided for Rwanda for the year 2015: 7.9% (DHS, shown in this platform) and 5.6% (Rwanda 2015 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis).

More information on calculations

Prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting among children under-five estimates are calculated by comparing actual measurements to the WHO Child Growth standards (an international standard reference population). The standards, released in April 2006 by the World Health Organization, replaced the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO reference population. The new standards confirm that children born anywhere in the world and given the optimum start in life have the potential to reach the same range of height and weight. It states that differences in the growth of a child up to the age of five is more influenced by nutrition, feeding practices, environment and health care than by genetics or ethnicity.

For more information, see “Notes on the Data”: https://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/malnutrition/

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