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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
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Stillbirth rate
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Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
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Child marriage before age 15
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Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Proportion of population using safely managed or basic drinking water services
Full Unit: Percentage, %
Year-range of Data:2015
Source:WHO & UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
Link to Source:https://washdata.org/data
Date Source Published:1st July 2017
Date Source Accessed:1st February 2018
Target Source: UN Sustainable Development Goals
Link to Target: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg6

The following countries had no data:
SADR

Alternative Data Sources
The target is taken from the target source as shown in the table on the left. This is the internationally agreed target for this indicator and country. Most targets are the same for all countries, but some may have different values for each country. Some indicators have no internationally agreed targets.

The threshold is taken from the same source where available. The threshold is an easier value than the target but shows good progress in achieving the target. For more details, go to ‘Find out more about indicator and sources’ via the Indicators page.

At least basic drinking water

What does it mean ?

Drinking water services refers to the accessibility, availability and quality of the main source used by households for drinking, cooking, personal hygiene and other domestic uses. ‘At least basic drinking water’ is the proportion of a population using either a ‘basic drinking water service’ (improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a roundtrip including queuing) or a ‘safely managed drinking water service’ (improved water source located on premises, available when needed and free from faecal and priority chemical contamination). Improved facilities include piped water, boreholes or tubewells, protected dug wells, protected springs, rainwater and packaged or delivered water.

Why does it matter ?

Access to sufficient quantities of safe drinking water is a fundamental need and a human right crucial for the dignity and health of all. There is evidence that improvements in drinking water services for individuals and households have health and economic benefits. This is an indicator for monitoring Sustainable Development Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; Target 6.1: By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all. It is also an indicator for monitoring the Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030).

How is it collected ?

The preferred sources of data on the types of water sources used and the quality of services provided are population censuses or household surveys. Other possible data sources are administrative reporting systems and regulators. For most countries, data on the types of water sources used are collected from households during interviews conducted by national statistical offices whereas information on the quality of services provided is collected through administrative sources.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

Improved drinking water sources are those which, by nature of their design and construction, have the potential to deliver safe water. They include Water that is piped into a dwelling, yard or plot; public taps or standpipes; boreholes or tube wells; protected dug wells; protected springs; packaged water; delivered water; and rainwater.

The WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme subdivides the population using improved sources into three groups according to the level of service provided. In order to meet the criteria for a safely managed drinking water service, people must use an improved source meeting three criteria:

- it should be accessible on premises or at home (the point of collection for the water source is located in the dwelling, yard, or plot),

- water should be available in sufficient quantities when needed, and

- the water supplied should be free from faecal and priority chemical contamination, that is when water is compliant with relevant national / local standards, or the WHO Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality.

If the improved source does not meet any one of these criteria but a round trip to collect water takes 30 minutes or less, then it will be classified as a basic drinking water service. If water collection from an improved source exceeds 30 minutes it will be categorised as a limited service (not included in the indicator reported on this African Health Stats platform).

The SDG target is for global universal access, that is 100%; however, individual countries and regional groups are expected to set their own targets that are guided by the ambition of the global targets but take into account local context and available resources.

More information on calculations

To monitor Sustainable Development Goal targets for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene at home, additional information is being collected by household surveys, including on water quality and the availability of drinking water. The use of drinking water sources and sanitation facilities is part of the wealth index in integrated household surveys used to assess inequalities between rich and poor by dividing the population into wealth quintiles.

For more information, visit: https://washdata.org/monitoring/drinking-water

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