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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
Births attended by skilled health personnel
Postpartum care coverage for mothers
Postnatal care coverage for newborns
Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
Demand satisfied for modern contraception
Communicable Diseases
New HIV infections
Antiretroviral treatment coverage
Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Condom use
New TB infections
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Non-Communicable Diseases
Mortality from non-communicable diseases
Suicide mortality rate
Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over
Current tobacco use among males aged 15 and over
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Health Financing
Health systems and policies
Density of health workers - physicians
Density of health workers - nurses and midwives
Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff
Qualified obstetricians
Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Percentage of pregnant women who had at least 4 antenatal care (ANC) visits
Full Unit: Percentage,%
Year-range of Data:2005 - 2017
Source:UNICEF data
Link to Source:https://data.unicef.org/topic/maternal-health/antenatal-care/
Date Source Published:21st May 2018
Date Source Accessed:16th November 2018
Target Source: WHO, 2016
Link to Target: http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/maternal_perinatal_health/anc-positive-pregnancy-experience/en/

The following countries had no data:
Libya, Mauritius, SADR, Seychelles

Alternative Data Sources
The target is taken from the target source as shown in the table on the left. This is the internationally agreed target for this indicator and country. Most targets are the same for all countries, but some may have different values for each country. Some indicators have no internationally agreed targets.

The threshold is taken from the same source where available. The threshold is an easier value than the target but shows good progress in achieving the target. For more details, go to ‘Find out more about indicator and sources’ via the Indicators page.

Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits

What does it mean ?

Antenatal care coverage (at least four visits) is the percentage of women aged 15 to 49 with a live birth in a given time period that received antenatal care four or more times. Available survey data on this indicator usually do not specify the type of the provider; therefore, in general, receipt of care by any provider is measured.

Why does it matter ?

Antenatal visits present opportunities for reaching pregnant women with interventions that may be vital to their health and well-being and that of their infants. Antenatal care visits should include: blood pressure measurement; urine testing for bacteriuria and proteinuria; blood testing to detect syphilis and severe anaemia and weight/height measurement (optional). ANC visits increase the likelihood that any problems will be spotted earlier in the pregnancy and dealt with before they become life threatening. ANC coverage is a good general indicator of access to healthcare services during pregnancy. In 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended a new model of 8 ANC contacts (previously 4 ANC visits) during a woman's pregnancy. As countries are still working to implement this new guidance and mechanisms to track progress towards achieving the new model, monitoring how many women have at least 4 ANC visits remains important.

How is it collected ?

The preferred sources of data for this indicator are household surveys. Women are asked if their heath was checked during pregnancy and how many times. This indicator is based on standard questions asking women about care given by any provider, but do not specify the type of provider for each visit.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience' were released in 2016 outlining a new model of 8 ANC contacts during a woman's pregnancy. As countries are still working to implement this new guidance and mechanisms to track progress towards achieving the new model, monitoring how many women have at least 4 ANC visits remains important. For more information about the new guidance, visit: http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/maternal_perinatal_health/anc-positive-pregnancy-experience/en/

Limitations to this indicator exist. Receiving antenatal care during pregnancy does not guarantee the receipt of interventions that are effective in improving maternal health. Receiving antenatal care at least four times, increases the likelihood of receiving effective maternal health interventions during antenatal visits. Importantly, although the indicator for ‘at least one visit’ refers to visits with skilled health providers (doctor, nurse or midwife), ‘four or more visits’ refers to visits with any provider, since standardized global national-level household survey programmes do not collect provider data for each visit. In addition, standardization of the definition of skilled health personnel is sometimes difficult because of differences in training of health personnel in different countries.

For more information, visit UNICEF Data: https://data.unicef.org/topic/maternal-health/antenatal-care/

More information on calculations

The preferred sources of data for this indicator are household surveys e.g. US Agency for International Development–supported Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) or UNICEF-supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS). Country data from household surveys are compiled by UNICEF and WHO on a global database fllowing a process of data verification with field offices.

For more information, visit: http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.gswcah

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