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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
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Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
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Birth registration
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Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Proportion of girls and women aged 15-49 years who have undergone female genital mutilation
Full Unit: Percentage, %
Year-range of Data:2004 - 2017
Source:Global SDG Indicators Database
Link to Source:https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database/
Date Source Published:2nd April 2019
Date Source Accessed:11th July 1905

The following countries had no data:
Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Verde, Comoros, Congo, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Eswatini, Gabon, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, SADR, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, South Africa, South Sudan, Tunisia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Alternative Data Sources
   

Female genital mutilation

What does it mean ?

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is defined by WHO as “all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons"

Why does it matter ?

FGM is a violation of the human rights of girls and women. Evidence has shown the adverse health outcomes of FGM. The practice of FGM manifests from gender inequality and is condemned by a number of international treaties and conventions. As it is regarded as a traditional practice prejudicial to the health of children and is mostly performed on minors, FGM violates the Convention on the Rights of the Child. In many countries, existing national laws include explicit bans against FGM.

How is it collected ?

Household surveys have been collecting data on this indicator in low- and middle-income countries since the late 1980s. In nearly all surveys, women of reproductive age are asked about their FGM status, at what age they were cut and by whom. If a woman has living daughters, the same questions are asked of her daughters. Most surveys also include additional questions related to the attitudes of women surrounding FGM, including women's rationale for the practice and their opinion on whether it should continue. Male perceptions are also solicited in many surveys, addressing men's awareness and attitudes towards FGM. In Liberia, only girls and women who have heard of the Sande society were asked whether they were members; this provides indirect information on FGM, since it is performed during initiation into the society.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

Sources of data used for this indicator include: UNICEF global databases 2018, based on Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and other nationally representative surveys.

More information on calculations

This is the number of girls and women aged 15 to 49 who have undergone FGM divided by the total number of girls and women aged 15 to 49 in the population multiplied by 100. Data are mainly collected through two nationally representative household surveys: US Agency for International Development–supported Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and UNICEF-supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS). Survey questions on FGM in the DHS and MICS have been standardised.

For countries where the report (and data colelction) crosses a calendar year, the more recent year is cited. This occurred for data sources from the following coutries: Chad; Côte d'Ivoire; Togo and Tanzania.

For more information, visit: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/metadata/files/Metadata-05-03-02.pdf

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