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Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health
Adolescent Fertility Rate
Births Attended by Skilled Personnel
Contraceptive Prevalence
Infant Mortality Rate
DPT3 Immunization Coverage in Children
Maternal Mortality Ratio
Neonatal Mortality Rate
Pregnant Women with 4 ANC Visits
Stunting Under 5 yrs
Under-5 Mortality Rate
Unmet Need for Family Planning
Women Who Received Post-partum Care
HIV and AIDS
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Pregnant Women who Received 3 Doses of IPT
Under 5s Treated with Anti-Malarial Drugs
Under 5s who Slept Under ITN
Under 5s with Fever in Last 2 Weeks Screened for Malaria
TB Case Detection Rate
TB Treatment Success Rate
Health Finance
General Gov Exp on Health as % of GGE
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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Maternal mortality ratio
Full Unit:per 100,000 live births
Year-range of Data:2015
Source:WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division
Link :http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/monitoring/maternal-mortality-2015/en/
Date Source Published:12th November 2015
Date Source Accessed:4th January 2016

The following countries had no data:
SADR, Seychelles

Alternative Data Sources

Maternal Mortality Ratio

What does it mean ?

The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is the rate at which women die from maternal causes (any cause related to pregnancy, during childbirth, pregnancy or within 42 days of childbirth). It is measured as the number of maternal deaths per every 100,000 live births. A live birth refers to any baby that is born that shows signs of life outside of the womb. A maternal death refers to the death of woman while she is pregnant or within 42 days of childbirth, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management. Maternal deaths exclude accidental or other non-related causes of death. The MMR represents the risk associated with each pregnancy and birth.

Why does it matter ?

Problems during pregnancy and childbirth are a leading cause of death and disability of women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in developing countries. This indicator acts as a record of deaths related to pregnancy and childbirth and reflects the ability of a country’s healthcare system to provide safe care during pregnancy and childbirth. The Maternal Mortality Ratio is an indicator for monitoring Sustainable Development Goal 3 Health and Wellbeing Target 3.1: By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births.

How is it collected ?

In high income countries the data for MMR are from nationally registered deaths to women, with maternal death as the cause, then dividing by the number of registered live births. If birth and death registration is incomplete other methods are used such as a special survey or population censuses. Where there are no data, an estimate is generated from three factors: GDP, fertility rate and births attended by a skilled attendant.

Find out more about the Summary Definition and the Methodology for Collection and Calculation

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Summary Definition, Methodology for Collection and Calculation

Alternative Data Sources

The data for each indicator on African Health Stats (AHS) are published by the UN agency, or UN inter-agency group, which holds responsibility for global monitoring of the indicator. This varies by indicator. Please refer to ‘Data Source’. AHS uses data from these sources because such data are internationally comparable and it is the mandate of those agencies to prepare such data and monitor progress internationally. In some cases the UN agency has made adjustments to the data in order to make national data internationally comparable, for example they may adjust national estimates to account for differences in survey design, the extent of potential underreporting, and the definition of what is being measured (eg. maternal deaths). This means that at times there may be discrepancies between national and international estimates. Individual countries may prefer to instead rely on national figures for national monitoring. For uniformity, AHS uses only international estimates of the UN agencies in data visualisations.

In 2014, the following countries communicated that they use alternative figures to monitor the indicator Maternal Mortality Ratio instead of the figures that appear in AHS data visualisations. The alternative figure supplied by these countries in 2014, by source are: Botswana 2010 163 (no source); Burundi 2010 500 (no source); Comoros 2012 172 (no source); Ethiopia 2010 540 (no source); Guinea 2010 (724); Malawi 2013 574 (no source); Mozambique 2011 408 (DHS); South Sudan 2006 2054 (no source); Togo 2014 400 EDST 3; Uganda 2010 438 (no source); Zambia 2010 483 Census; Zimbabwe 2014 614 (no source).

Collection Summary

The easiest way to calculate the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is by using nationally registered deaths to women in a one year period – and selecting those with maternal death as the cause, then dividing by the number of registered live births in the same year for that country. However, for this method – both birth and death registration need to be nearly complete, and causes of deaths need to be recorded accurately. In most African countries, although registration is improving, it is not good enough to measure the MMR. Countries therefore use a range of different methods to find out how many women die in childbirth. Often a special survey is carried out, or the population census asks questions about maternal death. In other countries there is a ‘sample’ registration scheme which includes 100% birth and death registration within sample areas. There are some countries where there are no data and an estimate of the MMR is based on the country’s GDP, fertility rate and percentage of births with a skilled attendant.

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