|Central African Republic|
|São Tomé and Príncipe|
|Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health|
|Life expectancy at birth|
|Maternal mortality ratio|
|Neonatal mortality rate|
|Infant mortality rate|
|Under 5 mortality rate|
|Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits|
|Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits|
|Births attended by skilled health personnel|
|Postpartum care coverage for mothers|
|Postnatal care coverage for newborns|
|Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months|
|Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination|
|Stunting - short height for age under age 5|
|Wasting – low weight for height under age 5|
|Overweight - heavy for height under 5|
|Sexual and Reproductive Health|
|Child marriage before age 15|
|Child marriage before age 18|
|Female genital mutilation|
|Sexual violence by age 18 - female|
|Sexual violence by age 18 - male|
|Very early child bearing under age 16|
|Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19|
|Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women|
|Demand satisfied for modern contraception|
|New HIV infections|
|Antiretroviral treatment coverage|
|Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV|
|New TB infections|
|New malaria infections|
|Mortality from non-communicable diseases|
|Suicide mortality rate|
|Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over|
|Current tobacco use among males aged 15 and over|
|Harmful alcohol use aged 15 and over|
|External health expenditure as % current health expenditure|
|Government health expenditure as % current health expenditure|
|Government health expenditure as % GDP|
|Government health expenditure as % general govt expenditure|
|Government health expenditure per capita|
|Out-of-pocket health expenditure as % of current health expenditure|
|Percentage of national health budget allocated for reproductive health|
|Health systems and policies|
|Density of health workers - physicians|
|Density of health workers - nurses and midwives|
|Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff|
|At least basic drinking water|
|At least basic sanitation services|
|Implementation of AMRH Initiative|
The purpose of the database is to provide reliable data on the progress made by members towards their Maputo Plan of Action (MPoA), Abuja Call and other commitments in line with the mandates of the Social Affairs department.
African Health Stats is a tool for member states to engage with the AUC on their MPoA and Abuja Call data and progress. Importantly, it provides vital evidence for the AUC to influence and motivate policy makers to take action on health challenges in the continent. It is powerful way of sharing experiences, best practices and lessons learnt.
The data for each indicator on African Health Stats are generally published by the UN agency, or UN inter-agency group, which holds responsibility for global monitoring of the indicator. This varies by indicator. One exception includes data about the implementation of AMRH initiative, which is derived from the African Union. Please refer to ‘Data Source’.
African Health Stats uses data from the UN sources because such data are internationally comparable and it is the mandate of those agencies to prepare such data and monitor progress internationally. In some cases, the UN agency has made adjustments to the data in order to make national data internationally comparable, for example they may adjust national estimates to account for differences in survey design, the extent of potential underreporting, and the definition of what is being measured (e.g. maternal deaths). This means that at times there may be discrepancies between national and international estimates. Individual countries may prefer to instead rely on national figures for national monitoring. For uniformity, AHStats uses only international estimates of the UN agencies in data visualisations.
Where nationwide surveys have taken place over two calendar years, data values in African Health Stats are reported from the most recent year; for example, data from a 2014-2015 survey are reported as 2015.
Where data are given in original sources for more than one-year periods, the upper year is shown in African Health Stats; for example, for life expectancy at birth for babies born between 2000 -2005, we display the value under the upper year of the five-year period, that is 2005.
For value that are proportions (%), all values are presented rounded to whole numbers when the values are over 1%. For values less than 1%, these are presented to one decimal place, unless otherwise stated.
The 2006 Abuja Call for Accelerated Action Towards Universal Access to HIV and AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Services in Africa provides a concrete set of recommendations for renewed effort to respond to the three epidemics. The Call reviews and renews both the 2000 Abuja Declaration and Plan of Action on Roll Back Malaria (RBM) and the 2001 Abuja Declaration and Plan of Action on HIV and AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Infectious Diseases (ORID).
The Abuja Call is built around seven pillars of action… leadership at national, regional and continental levels; resource mobilisation; protection of rights; poverty reduction; strengthening healthcare systems through disease prevention, treatment, care and support; access to affordable medicines and technologies; research and development accelerating implementation and increasing quality of partnerships, monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
The Call provides a framework for actions at national, regional and continental levels with diversified players including civil society, private sector and development partners.
The Maputo Plan of Action (MPoA) for the Operationalization of the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) Continental Policy Framework seeks to take the African continent closer to its goal of universal access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services by 2015.
It was a short-term plan for the period up to 2010 and was later extended to 2015 to coincide with the end of the MDGs. The plan is built upon: integrating Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) services into PHC; repositioning family planning developing and promoting youth-friendly services; eliminating unsafe abortion; encouraging quality safe motherhood; mobilizing resources; ensuring commodity security; and monitoring and evaluation.