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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
Births attended by skilled health personnel
Postpartum care coverage for mothers
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Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
Demand satisfied for modern contraception
Communicable Diseases
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Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over
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Density of health workers - physicians
Density of health workers - nurses and midwives
Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff
Qualified obstetricians
Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a handwashing facility with soap and water
Full Unit: Percentage, %
Year-range of Data:2015
Source:WHO & UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
Link to Source:https://washdata.org/data
Date Source Published:1st July 2017
Date Source Accessed:5th February 2018
Target Source:
Link to Target:

The following countries had no data:
SADR

Alternative Data Sources
The target is taken from the target source as shown in the table on the left. This is the internationally agreed target for this indicator and country. Most targets are the same for all countries, but some may have different values for each country. Some indicators have no internationally agreed targets.

The threshold is taken from the same source where available. The threshold is an easier value than the target but shows good progress in achieving the target. For more details, go to ‘Find out more about indicator and sources’ via the Indicators page.

At least basic sanitation services

What does it mean ?

Sanitation services refer to the systems used to separate human excreta from human contact at all steps of the service chain from toilet capture and containment through emptying, transport, treatment (in-situ or offsite) and final disposal or end use. ‘At least basic sanitation services’ is the proportion of a population using either a ‘basic sanitation service’ (improved facilities not shared with other households) or a ‘safely managed sanitation service’ (improved facility not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed of in situ or treated off-site). ‘Improved’ facilities include flush or pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines; ventilated improved pit latrines, composting toilets or pit latrines with slabs.

Why does it matter ?

Access to sanitation is a fundamental need and a human right crucial for the dignity and health of all. There is evidence that improvements in sanitation services for individuals and households have health and economic benefits. This is an indicator for monitoring Sustainable Development Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; Target 6.2: By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations. It is also an indicator for monitoring the Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030) under Transform: Expand Enabling Environments.

How is it collected ?

The preferred sources of data on the types of facilities used are household surveys and population censuses. Surveys and censuses collect data directly from the users of sanitation facilities, therefore measure "use" and not "access". In high-income countries where household surveys or censuses do not always include information on sanitation facilities, data are taken from administrative records. Information on the treatment of wastewater from sewers and faecal waste from on-site sanitation systems is collected from administrative sources and regulators.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

This indicator extends beyond previous measures of ‘basic sanitation’ by stipulating that exreta/ faecal waste should be properly disposed of in situ or transported and treated off-site. The safe management of faecal wastes is important because discharges of untreated waste water in the environment create public health hazards.

This is a core socio-economic and health indicator, and a key determinant of survival, health, wellbeing and economic productivity. This indicator is useful for constructing wealth quintiles used by many household surveys to analyse inequalities between rich and poor.

More information on calculations

To monitor Sustainable Development Goal targets for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene at home, additional information is being collected by household surveys, including on emptying of onsite sanitation facilities and the availability of a handwashing facility with water and soap, a related indicator. The use of drinking water sources and sanitation facilities is part of the wealth index in integrated household surveys used to assess inequalities between rich and poor by dividing the population into wealth quintiles.

For more information, visit: https://washdata.org/monitoring/sanitation

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