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Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health
Life expectancy at birth
Maternal mortality ratio
Stillbirth rate
Neonatal mortality rate
Infant mortality rate
Under 5 mortality rate
Antenatal care coverage: 4+ visits
Antenatal care coverage: 8+ visits
Births attended by skilled health personnel
Postpartum care coverage for mothers
Postnatal care coverage for newborns
Exclusive breastfeeding for infants under 6 months
Coverage of first dose of measles vaccination
Stunting - short height for age under age 5
Wasting – low weight for height under age 5
Overweight - heavy for height under 5
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Child marriage before age 15
Child marriage before age 18
Female genital mutilation
Sexual violence by age 18 - female
Sexual violence by age 18 - male
Very early child bearing under age 16
Adolescent birth rate ages 15 to 19
Contraceptive prevalance rate, modern methods, all women
Demand satisfied for modern contraception
Communicable Diseases
New HIV infections
Antiretroviral treatment coverage
Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Condom use
New TB infections
New malaria infections
Non-Communicable Diseases
Mortality from non-communicable diseases
Suicide mortality rate
Current tobacco use among females aged 15 and over
Current tobacco use among males aged 15 and over
Harmful alcohol use aged 15 and over
Health Financing
Health systems and policies
Density of health workers - physicians
Density of health workers - nurses and midwives
Density of health workers - pharmaceutical staff
Qualified obstetricians
Birth registration
At least basic drinking water
At least basic sanitation services
Open defecation
Implementation of AMRH Initiative

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What does it mean ?
Full Name:Maternal Mortality Ratio
Full Unit: per 100,000 live births
Year-range of Data:2015
Source:WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division
Link to Source:http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/monitoring/maternal-mortality-2015/en/
Date Source Published:12th November 2015
Date Source Accessed:18th December 2017
Target Source: WHO Human Reproduction Programme
Link to Target: http://srhr.org/mmr2030/

The following countries had no data:
SADR, Seychelles

Alternative Data Sources
The target is taken from the target source as shown in the table on the left. This is the internationally agreed target for this indicator and country. Most targets are the same for all countries, but some may have different values for each country. Some indicators have no internationally agreed targets.

The threshold is taken from the same source where available. The threshold is an easier value than the target but shows good progress in achieving the target. For more details, go to ‘Find out more about indicator and sources’ via the Indicators page.

Maternal mortality ratio

What does it mean ?

The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is the rate at which women die from maternal causes (any cause related to pregnancy, during childbirth, pregnancy or within 42 days of childbirth). It is measured as the number of maternal deaths per every 100,000 live births. A live birth refers to any baby that is born that shows signs of life outside of the womb. A maternal death refers to the death of woman while she is pregnant or within 42 days of childbirth, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management. Maternal deaths exclude accidental or other non-related causes of death.

Why does it matter ?

Problems during pregnancy and childbirth are a leading cause of death and disability of women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in developing countries. This indicator acts as a record of deaths related to pregnancy and childbirth and reflects the ability of a country’s healthcare system to provide safe care during pregnancy and childbirth. The MMR represents the risk associated with each pregnancy and birth and ratio is an indicator for monitoring Sustainable Development Goal 3 Health and Wellbeing Target 3.1: By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births. This indicator is also part of the Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030) under Survive: End preventable deaths.

How is it collected ?

In high-income countries, the data for maternal mortality ratio are from nationally registered deaths to women, with maternal death as the cause, then dividing by the number of registered live births. If birth and death registration is incomplete other methods are used such as a special survey or population censuses. Where there are no data, an estimate is generated from three factors: GDP, fertility rate and births attended by a skilled attendant. To facilitate the identification of maternal deaths in circumstances in which cause of death attribution is inadequate, sometimes "pregnancy-related" deaths are counted instead of maternal deaths. These are women’s deaths while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the cause of death.

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More about indicator, sources and calculations

More about indicator and sources

Source data are collected by countries, typically yearly for civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) sources, every 3-5 years for specialized reviews, every 5-7 years for population based surveys, every 10 years for censuses. The next round of MMR estimation is scheduled for publication in late 2018. See the WHO report to read more detail: http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/monitoring/maternal-mortality-2015/en/

In February 2015, the World Health Organization published “Strategies toward ending preventable maternal mortality (EPMM)” (EPMM Strategies), a direction-setting report outlining global targets and strategies for reducing maternal mortality under the SDGs, including the following global and national targets:

Global Target:

By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to fewer than 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.

You can read more about EPMM here: https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/maternal_perinatal/epmm/en/

National Targets:

By 2030, countries should reduce their MMRs by at least two-thirds from their 2010 baseline; countries with the highest maternal mortality burdens will need to achieve even greater reduction.

-and-

By 2030, no country should have an MMR greater than 140 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, a number twice the global target.

This platform shows a projection line towards the 2030 target, which is calculated by a linear regression using the latest 5 data points. This is shown in green when the projection is modelled to achieve the target and red if it the projection is modelled not to achieve the target (based on the last 5 data points).

More information on calculations

The easiest way to calculate the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is by using nationally registered deaths to women in a one year period – and selecting those with maternal death as the cause, then dividing by the number of registered live births in the same year for that country. However, for this method – both birth and death registration need to be nearly complete, and causes of deaths need to be recorded accurately. In most African countries, although registration is improving, it is not good enough to measure the MMR. Countries therefore use a range of different methods to find out how many women die in childbirth. Often a special survey is carried out, or the population census asks questions about maternal death. In other countries there is a ‘sample’ registration scheme which includes 100% birth and death registration within sample areas. There are some countries where there are no data and an estimate of the MMR is based on the country’s GDP, fertility rate and percentage of births with a skilled attendant.

For more information on the metadata, visit: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/metadata/files/Metadata-03-01-01.pdf

To read more about the technical details on how the 2030 EPMM targets are calculated, visit this site: http://srhr.org/mmr2030/

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